Well said, Denise. Tracking inventory is a way to manage job costing and profitability data. Using third party inventory systems like Fishbowl or Rapid Inventory or even Intuit's new Advanced Inventory is a way to get a handle on these.
Effective Inventory Management
Meet Customer Demand, Minimize Expenses, and Maximize Efficiency by Properly Managing Inventory.
Inventory is a list of goods available in stock, including raw materials, work in process, and finished goods. Having inventory in stock is necessary for a few reasons. Firstly, time is needed to complete each stage of a supply chain. In order to avoid long wait time, inventory must be available to satisfy consumer demand.
The goal of having this inventory available is to avoid consumer dissatisfaction, potentially resulting in loss of sales. Secondly, exact demand cannot be predicted. Inventory is often kept in stock to absorb the shock of erratic demand. Finally, economies of scale exist. It is often more economical to buy a unit in mass rather than in smaller quantities. This incentivizes companies to hold inventory.
Though holding inventory is necessary, doing so is costly. Therefore, managing inventory becomes essential; it allows a company to minimize cost while continuing to meet customer demand.
Managing inventory must be done effectively and often across many locations for a variety of products in different sizes, colors, and with varying features. A company strives to manage the precise amount and location of distinct products and track each product until the point of sale. Computerized inventory management systems make this possible through several key features.
1. Categorization of Products
Firstly, companies can categorize groups of product by their distinct features. The businesses can then look up a product group on the management system and know the exact amount and location of the products in real time. Furthermore, by making distinctions between groups of products, a business can easily see which products are popular and which are slow to sell. This leads to more informed inventory purchases.
2. Ability to Streamline Inventory Purchase and Lower Cost
Computerized inventory management systems also streamline the inventory repurchasing process. Companies are alerted when a specific inventory group reaches a predetermined minimum level and informs the business it is time to repurchase certain inventory. The system then searches for the lowest price on those items. Over a period of time computerized systems can track and prepare a report on inventory purchased, including vendors who have consistently offered the lowest prices. This results in companies easily and consistently receiving the best available prices.
3. Easily Track Trends
Other helpful reports that can be generated using a computerized inventory management system are trend reports. A business effectively tracks trends by viewing historical data of sales. Companies obtain insight of seasonal or monthly sales trends allowing them to better anticipate product demand.
4. Integration of Financial Software and Ability to Generate Custom Reports
Finally, the majority of inventory software is user friendly and can save a company time and money. The systems manage inventory electronically and do not require inventory to be counted and reported manually. Reports are generated at the click of a button rather than collecting and charting data. Further efficiency is created by linking inventory management systems to a company’s accounting software. When a product is sold, both systems are updated in real time with no need to re-enter data.
Even though inventory is a large expense for a business, there are ways to keep this expense to a minimum while effectively meeting customer demand. A computerized inventory management system provides an efficient means to track and analyze inventory.
Learn more about the author, Denise Loter-Koch.
Comment on this article
Posted by DeBorah Beatty, Beaverton, Oregon |
Mar 27, 2011
Posted by Randal DeHart, PMP, QPA, Lynnwood, Washington |
Mar 28, 2011
You certainly understand inventory and you have some good methods for controlling and managing it.
Posted by Denise Loter-Koch, Portland, Oregon |
Mar 28, 2011
Thanks for the comments DeBorah and Randal!
Posted by Shigeo Sunahara, Tokyo Japan |
Mar 29, 2011
Hi Denise, It is a very impressive article. As you strongly advocate, inventory management is very important. Socialism in the former Soviet Union did not work well partly because Russians back then knew little about inventory management. They stocked as much inventory as possible to avoid stock shortage for fear of accusation from the upper organization.
Posted by Harri Jussila, Long Island City, New York |
Feb 10, 2012
Thanks for sharing this. I also cannot stress enough the importance of having a good inventory management system. A computerized inventory management system will definitely help any businesses that deals with inventory a lot as it improves efficiency and helps to track trends.
Harri - Time Management